OSHA has a four-pronged comprehensive approach to ergonomics designed to quickly and effectively address musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace. The four segments of OSHA's strategy for reducing injuries and illnesses from MSDs in the workplace are:
Guidelines: A major component of OSHA's four-pronged approach to ergonomics is the development of industry-specific and task-specific guidelines to reduce and prevent workplace musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). These voluntary guidelines are tools to assist employers in recognizing and controlling ergonomics-related risk factors. Employers in other industries for which guidelines have not been developed may find useful information in these guidelines for implementing their own ergonomic programs.
Enforcement: OSHA will conduct inspections for ergonomic hazards and issue citations under the General Duty Clause and issue ergonomic hazard alert letters where appropriate.
Outreach and Assistance: OSHA will provide assistance to businesses, particularly small businesses, and help them proactively address ergonomic issues in the workplace.
National Advisory Committee: OSHA will charter an advisory committee that will be authorized to, among other things, identify gaps in research to the application of ergonomics and ergonomic principles in the workplace.
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